The Americans closely followed and copied British railroad technology. Practically all the mills and factories supplying rails and equipment were in the North, and the Union blockade kept the South from getting new equipment or spare parts.
A large number of short lines were built, but thanks to a fast developing financial system based on Wall Street and oriented to railway securities, the majority were consolidated into 20 trunk lines by However, the economic incentives to railroads were enormus.
As oftwo-thirds of the rail mileage in the U. These changes led to the current system of fewer, but profitable, Class I railroads covering larger regions of the United States. One of the "big four" visionaries behind the building of the transcontinental railroad.
The canals and steamboats lost out because of the dramatic increases in efficiency and speed of the railroads, which could go almost anywhere year round. The network of trails along which coaches navigated were riddled with ditches, potholes, and stones.
Hill and the Great Northern Railway. The changes brought by the railroads happened very fast. In their place came mile-long trains hauling coal, grain, and lumber. Moore got it right when he described railroads as the "vast machinery for the building up of empires.
Money lined the pockets of greedy public officials who awarded generous terms to the railroads. Finally, inCongress responded to public outcry by creating the Interstate Commerce Commission to watch over the rail industry. Hill, and Jay Gould. Companies merged to create superrailroads, service on unprofitable routes was ended, and trademark passenger trains vanished.
The Railroad West and the Modern World Notes Index Reviews "Tthis scholarly duo has crafted and illustrated their engaging narrative from an impressive array of primary records, account books, colourful broadsides, pamphlets, maps, postcards, newspapers, and photographs to chronicle the struggles and triumphs of the railroad in shaping the West.
For each mile of track laid by the Central and Union Pacific Railroads, the companies received acres of public land.
He is the author of Beyond Lewis and Clark: They made trade possible throughout the nation: Ronda holds the H.
Some even believed that it was divinely intended that Americans should control the whole of the continental U. This made travel fairly uncomfortable.
Western settlement was a paramount national interest. Containers stacked with consumer goods from Asia rode on tracks that were the modern version of the Northwest Passage.
Friday, April 8, What was the role of the railroads in the settlement of the Great West. More railroad companies merged and consolidated their lines in order to remain successful.
They have produced a volume that goes well beyond description, and is a wonderful guide for thinking with and about railroads. Hill joined forces with Morgan and others to gain control of the Northern Pacific.
And railroads were safer: Indeed Americans had traveled by rail in the decades that preceded the Civil War. Spare parts were cannibalized; feeder lines were torn up to get replacement rails for trunk lines, and the heavy use of rolling stock wore them out.
It was the result of railroad overbuilding and shaky railroad financing, which set off a series of bank failures. Discover how Stanford built California's Central Pacific railroad with his private funds and political influence.
Some passenger trains offered meals in the spacious dining car followed by a good night sleep in the private sleeping quarters. On the Right Track The engineering achievement was monumental. During the Reconstruction eraNorthern money financed the rebuilding and dramatic expansion of railroads throughout the South; they were modernized in terms of track gaugeequipment and standards of service.
But freight railroad abuses grew rampant. Railroad companies set their own shipping rates. The canals and steamboats lost out because of the dramatic increases in efficiency and speed of the railroads, which could go almost anywhere year round.
Expansion and consolidation — [ edit ] J. The authors have effectively distilled a large body of historiography into one readable and engaging volume.
To find additional documents in American Memory on topics related to the West, use such keywords as West, ranching, Native Americans, and pioneers, or search using the names of states or cities in the West.
The railroads played a huge part in the development of the west and created a huge economic growth. Before the railroads were built, most of the settlers that reached the west coast did so by wagon.
Many of the people that took on this journey did not make it due to disease and lack of food and water%(8). Apr 08, · The railroads brought the West into the world and the world to the West. In the words of the Washington Territory governor Marshall F. Moore, the railroads were a “vast machinery for the building up of empires”.
Start studying How did railroads help to settle the Great Plains. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. STUDY. PLAY. making it easier for settlers to move west, and railroad corporations promoted settlement in order to.
As population and migration increased in the West with frontier settlement as well as the desire for more wealth, railroads helped to link both.
Nov 10, · As well, railroads, as some of the wealthiest and most powerful companies in the developing west, influenced settlement patterns of people; settlers tended to settle close to important railroads such as the Transcontinental Railroad, the Southern Pacific, and the Northern janettravellmd.com: Resolved.
1. What was the role of the railroads in the settlement of the Great West? 2. What factors account for the rise of the American steel industry in the late nineteenth century? 3. Why did the AFL prevail over the Knights of Labor?
4. It would be hard to imagine American .What was the role of the railroads in the settlement of the great west