Likewise, femininity is associated with immersion in unpredictable domestic exigencies that forever jeopardize the best-laid plans and often necessitate resorting to hasty retreats or charting new directions.
A political critique begins by questioning who provides the paradigm for these conceptions as their point of departure. The capacity for love, friendship, and cooperation with social groups characterizes humans as a biological species. Ain't I a Woman?. Far from functioning as the guarantor of moral probity, the fictive Kantian subject is the condition of the possibility of intractable animosity and injustice.
While the care tradition grows out of a critical engagement with Anglo-American analytic and pragmatist philosophical traditions, the eros tradition draws centrally from Africana including African American pragmatistContinental, and other sources.
Social affects such as laughter or fear and panic transfer from one creature to another, spreading from an adult to her infant, prompting birds to fly away from a threat in unison, and explaining xenophobic political climates.
Columbia University Press, The self-discovery, self-definition, and self-direction skills that secure autonomy are commonplace Meyers The Ethics of Eros: Still, no one theory or model can capture the self's multitudinous and multicultural manifestations. What Can She Know. Thus, augmenting women's autonomy is often a matter of emboldening women to extend the range of application of their existing autonomy skills and fostering the development of weak skills.
At best, the feminist reconstructions of various traditions, ever themselves spurring new sources of ingroups and outgroups, can serve to remind us that the work of feminism is never done.
Yet, in reviewing this literature, we have been struck by a recurrent theme—the inextricability of metaphysical issues about the self from moral and political theory.
The legal doctrine of coverture held that a woman's personhood was absorbed into that of her husband when she married McDonagh It is not possible, then, to be a purely masculine self or a purely feminine self.
The self is essentially masculine, and the masculine self is essentially good and wise. These paradigms notwithstanding, Kristeva maintains that all discourse combines elements of both registers.
In each instance, Anglo-American feminist moral theorists revalue that which is traditionally deemed feminine—feeling, intimacy, nurturance, and so forth. The Kantian ethical subject uses reason to transcend cultural norms and to discover absolute moral truth, whereas homo economicus uses reason to rank desires in a coherent order and to figure out how to maximize desire satisfaction within the instrumental rationality of the marketplace.
Mackenzie, Catriona and Natalie Stoljar. Rather, these very conceptions of the self are gendered. One corollary of this masculinized view of selfhood is that women are consigned to selflessness—that is, to invisibility, subservient passivity, and self-sacrificial altruism.
Irigaray demonstrates that the feminine has typically been identified with space, or a localizable place of inertia, while the masculine has been identified with time, especially ecstatic projection toward the future. The Way of Love. In the last few decades, medical technologies, such as sonography and fetal and neonatal surgery, have raised new issues for pregnant women and sometimes confront them with wrenching choices that not only test their agential resilience and capacities to care but also challenge traditional binaries further by acknowledging intersexual identities Feder A further problem with the traditional modernist view from a feminist standpoint is that it fails to furnish an adequate account of internalized oppression and the process of overcoming it.
For Beauvoir, 'women' is a category imposed by society; women's selves, then, are also in large part imposed on them by society, and on her view women would do well to take hold of their claims to freedom and choice and thus reclaim their freedom and selfhood.
The Soul of Justice: Prevailing conceptions of the self ignore the multiple, sometimes fractious sources of social identity constituted at the intersections of one's gender, sexual orientation, race, class, age, ethnicity, and so forth.
Because language occurs within the symbolic order, Irigaray's writing is symbolic in this particular sense, and clearly is not a return to a reinscription of anti-feminist 'essential' sexual differences based purely on biology or anatomy.
By highlighting these contexts and values, they reclaim the venues traditionally associated with women as morally significant sites, and they reclaim the moral agency of the individuals whose lives are centered in these sites.
And Chodorow's appreciation of the relational self together with her diagnosis of the damage wrought by hyperindividuation advances feminist demands for equitable parenting practices and stronger relational conceptions of the self.
The social bond may reflect a dynamic of kinship, political solidarity, or community engagement outside of the nuclear family paradigm Collins ; Willett and ; Nzegwu By selectively internalizing and recombining elements of their experience with other people, children develop characteristic traits and dispositions.
Yet apart from such challenges to the master narratives and classical binaries, feminists may risk perpetuating derogatory views of women as victims and men as agents.
self pertains to particular aspects of the self that make the self unique, such as physical aspects, memories, personalities, history, and culture. The empirical self, just like anything else in the world, is known through experience.
Psychological Perspectives on the Self - Vol.
4. By Jerry Suls. Read preview. Excerpt. This volume of original essays describing psychological approaches to the study of the self is the fourth in the series. As with earlier volumes, my primary aim has been to present the best of recent conceptual and empirical advances concerning the self.
The. Get this from a library! Perspectives on the self: conversations on identity and consciousness. [Nour Foundation.; New York Academy of Sciences.;] -- "In partnership with the Nour Foundation, the New York Academy of Sciences presented a six-part series of public events, from December through Mayexamining the question.
In each chapter, leading scholars describe their cutting-edge work on such topics as self-dynamics, self-structure, impression management, the self in intimate relationships, and the relation between self-motives and consistency motives.
This volume of original essays describing psychological approaches to the study of the self is the fourth in the series. As with earlier volumes, my primary aim has been to present the best of recent conceptual and empirical advances concerning the self.
The continuing proliferation of work in this. Perspectives on the Self: Conversations on Identity & Consciousness The perdurable question, " Who am I? " points to a deeply rooted need within the human species to understand the basis for the experience of unitary consciousness known as the Self.Perspectives on the self